seorang pasien datang ke dokternya dengan keluhan nyeri di sendinya, setelah dilakukan pemeriksaan (fisik dan penunjang), dokter mendiagnosa pasien dengan penyakit asam urat.
ketika diselidiki tentang pola makan, pasien mengaku tidak ada yang salah dengan pola makan, tidak pernah makan jeroan, tidak suka makan daging berlebih, intinya tidak ada yang salah dengan pola makan.
namun usut punya usut, ternyata pasien hobi mengkonsumsi kopi setiap harinya.. gak ketebak kan kalau kopi bisa jadi penyebab penyakit asam urat? :) ya intinya adalah kopi mengandung purin yang bisa menyebabkan penyakit asam urat itu tadi.. hmm, klo mw yang paling baik ya tetep minum air putih 1,2-1,6 liter tiap harinya..
begitu yang tertulis di kompas, senin 16 mei 2011. saat ini diperkirakan terdapat 76% kasus hipertensi di masyarakat yang belum terdiagnosis. ini karena penderita tidak menyadari dirinya mengidap hipertensi.
dalam keadaan normal, tekanan darah sistolik (saat jantung memompakan darah) kurang dari 120 mmHg dan tekanan darah diastolik (saat jantung istirahat) kurang dari 80 mmHg.
Perhimpunan Hipertensi Indonesia (Perhi) membuat batasan pada hipertensi adalah keadaan dimana tekanan darah sistolik di atas 140 mmHg dan tekanan darah diastolik di atas 85 mmHg. sehingga tekanan darah disebut optimal apabila berada pada kisaran 120/70 mmHg.
SO PRECIOUS. This makes me so grateful for everything I have. They’re so wonderful. He has an adorable smile.
Here’s the youtube clip.
Omg that last picture is so adorable.
Best thing ever,watch the video.♥
this video is amazing. i love these >.<
TOP 10 BIGGEST BRAIN DAMAGING HABITS ACCORDING TO WORLD HEALTH ORGANIZATION:
- No breakfast
- High sugar consumption
- Air pollution
- Sleep deprivation
- Head covered while sleeping
- Working your brain during illness
- Lack in stimulating thoughts
- Talking rarely
Oh nose. Guilty, except 3 and 9. :-s
Submitted by trinathestrange
Alien hand syndrome (also known as anarchic hand or Dr. Strangelove syndrome) is a neurological disorder in which one of the hands of people who have it appears to take on a mind of its own. Alien hand syndrome is best documented in cases where a person has had the two hemispheres of their brain surgically separated, a procedure sometimes used to relieve the symptoms of extreme cases of epilepsy. It also occurs in some cases after other brain surgery, strokes, or infections. (via Sean Farley)
Olives for Motion Sickness
Vapor Rub to Cure Nail Fungus
Oatmeal to Soothe Eczema
Yogurt to Cure Bad Breath
A Spoonful of Sugar to Cure Hiccups
Bite a Pencil to Cure a Headache
Gargle Salt Water for a Sore Throat
The Kissing Bug, or triatomine bug, the main vector of Chagas disease.
Chagas disease is a tropical parasitic disease caused by the protozoan Trypanosoma cruzi. Chagas disease occurs in two stages, acute and chronic.
Acute CD is not noticed for the first few months of infection because the symptoms are vague and are not characteristics of just CD. They can include fever, fatigue, body aches, headache, rash, loss of appetite, diarrhea, and vomiting. Chagas disease is often identified by Romaña’s sign, which is a swelling of the eyelids on the side of the face near the bite or where the bug feces were deposited/accidentally rubbed into the eye. Acute Chagas disease resolves it self in 3 to 8 weeks, 90% of the time. The other 10% go on to develop chronic Chagas disease.
Chronic Chagas disease affects the heart, nervous system, and the digestive system. About two thirds of people with chronic symptoms have cardiac damage, including cardiomyopathy, which causes heart rhythm abnormalities and may result in sudden death. About one third of patients go on to develop digestive system damage, resulting in dilation of the digestive tract (megacolon and megaesophagus), accompanied by severe weight loss. Swallowing difficulties (secondary achalasia) may be the first symptom of digestive disturbances and may lead to malnutrition. Twenty to fifty percent of individuals with intestinal involvement also exhibit cardiac involvement. Up to 10% of chronically infected individuals develop neuritis that results in altered tendon reflexes and sensory impairment. Isolated cases exhibit central nervous system involvement, including dementia, confusion, chronic encephalopathy and sensitivity and motor deficits.” (Wikipedia)
The disease is transmitted through the “kissing bug.” It generally bites at night and on the face, hence the misnomer. After feeding, it defecates, and the protozoans are passed in the feces.
Chagas disease is treated by ridding the body of T. cruzi and then by managing the symptoms is produces.
The Girl Who Cries Blood
Twinkle Dwivedi (born 1996) is a girl from Lucknow, India, who gained world attention for allegedly presenting a rare condition that causes her to spontaneously bleed from her eyes and other parts of her body without presenting any visible wounds.She has been the subject of numerous medical research studies and TV shows such as BodyShock and a National Geographic documentary.
In lack of a medical explanation for her condition, possible religious explanations have been posed. She could have an unknown disease that only she appears to be suffering from, but more skeptical views hypothesize that the case might be explained by the so called Münchausen syndrome by proxy, meaning her mother, seemingly the only one to witness her bleeding actually starting, is fabricating the story and somehow inducing the effect on the girl. [via]
Crying occurs when the body reacts emotionally to something. Tears are a reaction of the nervous system to try and ease our pain, just as we would when physically harmed. The body senses our distress and the cranial nerve in the brain is stimulated, this sends signals to the neurotransmitters in the tear glands to make us cry. These tears contain high levels of manganese and the hormone prolactin in order to reduce the amount of these chemicals in the body, a defence mechanism produced to keep depression away. This is why many people feel better after they cry, because these excess hormones have been reduced and the body is returned to a more stable state.
Sometimes we say we can’t cry anymore. Why? Well, if you keep triggering a stimulus, the nervous system stops responding. If you keep pressing on a bruise, after a while the nerves won’t respond anymore and it won’t hurt. If you keep getting upset, the body might not react to it, you might not cry, and you probably feel worse.
So if you need to cry, just do it. It might be distressing, it might make you feel weak, it might make your eyes puffy, but it also might make you feel better.
healthy healthy food :9
A pleural effusion is the accumulation of fluid in the space around your lungs. This can happen for a variety of reasons, but the important thing to keep in mind is that fluid pushing on your lungs = bad, it’s going to restrict the lung’s ability to expand and draw in oxygen. Once detected, we treat these patients by draining the fluid and the method of doing that depends on the cause. In many cases a chest draining device it inserted which allows the fluid to drain without letting air get back into the pleural cavity (this would cause the lung to collapse due to loss of negative pressure).
Candidiasis is a fungal infection by Candida albicans, a fungus that’s pretty much every where, even on your riiiiight noooow. So why aren’t you breaking out into a massive fungal infection? Because this happens to people with weak/tanked immune systems. How do we treat fungal infections? It just depends on the site of the infection, but generally fluconazole (or other ‘azoles’) gets the call and in severe cases amphotericin b gets thrown at it.